How Do I Make Quarterly Tax Payments

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The Annualized Income Installment Method

How To Make Quarterly Tax Payments (step-by-step) | Owner Operators | Trucking Business Owners

If your income from self-employment fluctuates, such as if you’re the owner of a seasonal business or a freelancer with a varying roster of clients, your quarterly taxes can vary too. The annualized income installment method can help you estimate your taxes with more accuracy than the regular installment method.

Using the annualized income installment method, you’ll estimate your actual income, expenses and deductions each quarter to determine your tax liability, rather than dividing your entire year’s income by four and paying in standard installments. This can help make paying taxes more affordable when your earnings are lower.

Follow the instructions in IRS Form 1040-ES for calculating your quarterly estimated tax payments. The form will walk you through determining your income tax, as well as self-employment tax, which covers Social Security and Medicare.

Alternatively, consider using tax software or working with a tax professional to make paying quarterly taxes easier.

Penalties For Underpayment Of Estimated Taxes

You may owe this penalty if you are required to make estimated tax payments and:

  • You didnt make any estimated tax payments
  • You didnt pay enough estimated tax
  • You didnt make your payments on time or
  • The total of your credits, including estimated tax payments, is less than 90% of this years tax due or 100% of last years tax due .

DOR assesses a penalty of 10% of the underpayment amount for each installment period.

If any of these situations apply to you, you must complete .

The Schedule IT-2210 is used for one of two reasons:

  • To help you figure any penalty you owe for not paying enough tax throughout the year, or
  • To show you paid enough tax throughout the year to be exempt from the penalty.
  • You should complete the Schedule IT-2210 if:

    • The amount you owe for the tax year, after credits, is $1,000 or more. The amount you owe is from Form IT-40 and Form IT-40PNR, line 15 minus line 14, or
    • You underpaid the minimum amount due for one or more of the installment periods. This is true even if you are due a refund.

    What Is Getting Paid Quarterly

    A quarterly payroll means you only have to run payroll four times per year. This infrequent payroll run can save you time. Quarterly payroll runs are good for shareholder-employees of S corporations. … It can be difficult for employees to make and keep personal budgets when they only get paid once every three months.

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    How To Figure Estimated Tax

    Individuals, including sole proprietors, partners, and S corporation shareholders, generally use Form 1040-ES, to figure estimated tax. Nonresident aliens use Form 1040-ES to figure estimated tax.

    To figure your estimated tax, you must figure your expected adjusted gross income, taxable income, taxes, deductions, and credits for the year.

    When figuring your estimated tax for the current year, it may be helpful to use your income, deductions, and credits for the prior year as a starting point. Use your prior year’s federal tax return as a guide. You can use the worksheet in Form 1040-ES to figure your estimated tax. You need to estimate the amount of income you expect to earn for the year. If you estimated your earnings too high, simply complete another Form 1040-ES worksheet to refigure your estimated tax for the next quarter. If you estimated your earnings too low, again complete another Form 1040-ES worksheet to recalculate your estimated tax for the next quarter. You want to estimate your income as accurately as you can to avoid penalties.

    You must make adjustments both for changes in your own situation and for recent changes in the tax law.

    Corporations generally use Form 1120-W, to figure estimated tax.

    Income Subject To Withholding

    Freelancer

    Income subject to Iowa income tax withholding includes all types of employee compensation, such as:

  • Taxable fringe benefits
  • It does not matter if the income is based on the hour, day, week, month, year, or on a piecework or percentage plan. It also doesnt matter if the employee is paid in cash or in some other form.

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    What Happens If You Dont Pay Quarterly Taxes

    If you dont make quarterly tax payments throughout the year, you might find yourself stuck with a huge tax bill at the end of it. If you cant pay it in full youll be at risk of underpaying your taxes.

    As a result, you could be charged interest, penalties, or other fees. How much the penalty is and whether you are charged at all can depend on how much money you make and what your overall tax burden is.

    What Are Quarterly Taxes

    Quarterly taxes, also referred to as estimated taxes, are a type of taxation you must pay in advance of the annual tax return. They work on a pay-as-you-go basis, meaning you pay them throughout the year. During each quarter, applicable taxpayers pay a portion of their expected annual income tax. As a result, these payments are estimations.

    These regular tax payments are meant to cover Medicare, Social Security and your income tax. So, you should familiarize yourself with how those taxes break down: the income tax and the self-employment tax. Income tax follows the same income tax rates as salaried workers pay. Then, the self-employment tax clocks in at 15.3%. This covers both the Social Security and Medicare costs .

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    Who Is Required To File Quarterly Taxes

    If you work as a self-employed individual or small business owner, you likely need to pay quarterly estimated taxes. You’re typically considered self-employed if you work as:

    • An independent contractor
    • A member of a partnership that conducts business, such as an LLC
    • A person who runs a business as your own, including part-time

    Pay Estimated Taxes Via Electronic Federal Tax Payment System

    How to Make an Estimated Payment

    You can make quarterly payments through the EFTPS over the phone at 1-800-555-4477 or online. Before making a payment, you need to sign up for the service. Sign up online, or call the above phone number to have a signup form mailed to you. You need your name, Social Security number, and bank account details for online enrollment. The IRS sends you a PIN in the mail to complete your enrollment.

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    Option #: Check Payments

    Many people still prefer physical checks, and those are accepted as well. However, due to security concerns around paper mail, the IRS strongly encourages people to make electronic payments whenever possible.

    If you plan to use a check, be sure to follow the steps below:

    • Fill out your 1040-ES
    • Make your check payable to the âUnited States Treasuryâ
    • Write your social security number or ITIN on the check
    • Write â2022 1040-ESâ on your check
    • Mail both the check and the 1040-ES together without stapling them

    Pro tip: Make sure your payment amount is written correctly on the check. The IRS doesnât want you to use dashes or lines:

    • â Correct format: $1,000.00
    • â Incorrect format: $1,000â
    • â Incorrect format: $1,000 0/100

    Where you mail the check depends on your location. Refer to page 5 of the IRS instructions to find the correct address.

    Penalties For Not Making Estimated Taxes

    Whether you make estimated tax payments or rely on withholding, you could be hit with a penalty if you don’t pay enough tax throughout the year. The penalty doesn’t apply if you owe less than $1,000 in tax. You can also avoid the penalty if your 2022 withholding or estimated tax payments equal at least 90% of your 2022 tax liability, or 100% of the tax shown on your 2021 return .

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    Option #: An Eftps Account

    Youâll need to set up an account to use this payment method, but I recommend all taxpayers do that at some point anyway. Itâs the only way to easily view your tax records and transcripts. It also lets you conveniently make tax payments.

    To enroll, visit the IRSâs Electronic Federal Tax Payment System . Once registered, youâll be able to view all your tax return filings and can seamlessly make estimated payments.

    Decide How You Want To Pay

    Quarterly Tax Payment Calculator

    Now you know how much you’ll pay. So now it’s time to get to work entering that payment. The IRS gives you several options on how to pay:

    • You can pay for free with a bank account transfer from your bank account or use a credit card for a fee. The systems used to pay for free are called Direct Pay as well as Electronic Federal Tax Payment System , which requires enrollment. You just need some basic information about yourself and info from your most recent return to complete the payment process. You can schedule these payments in advance, so you never miss a quarterly payment deadline.
    • You can send an estimated payment in the mail along with Form 1040-ES.
    • You can pay on your mobile device using the IRS2Go app.
    • You can also pay over the phone.

    Just keep in mind that paying with a credit card incurs a fee. It’s a better idea to use Direct Pay rather than a debit card, but there are some situations where the fee is worthwhile on a credit card. If you’re working on a big signup bonus on a new card, for example, you could pay your taxes with your card and it will count as a purchase toward the bonus.

    However, unless you have some good rewards coming your way, the fee is higher than the rewards you’ll get back. Pay1040.com is currently the lowest-cost credit card processor to pay your taxes.

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    Know The ‘safe Harbor’ To Avoid Federal Tax Penalties

    One key thing to know: Chichester said there’s a “safe harbor” to avoid underpayment penalties for your yearly federal taxes.

    You won’t owe federal penalties if you’ve paid, over the course of 2022 and through the Jan. 17 deadline, the lesser of 90% of your 2022 taxes or 100% of your 2021 bill if your adjusted gross income is $150,000 or less.

    However, the safe harbor isn’t a guarantee you won’t owe more federal taxes for 2022, Chichester said. He urges clients to set aside at least 20% of earnings to cover federal taxes, plus a smaller percentage for state taxes, depending on where they live.

    Why Some Don’t Make Quarterly Estimated Tax Payments

    While estimated payments may help avoid penalties, some filers may purposely skip them, despite the late fee, experts say.

    “The word penalty scares people,” said Marianela Collado, a CFP and CPA at Tobias Financial Advisors in Plantation, Florida. “But it’s nothing more than the IRS charging you interest.”

    In some cases, the decision to make estimated payments depends on an entrepreneur’s cash flow, she explained, or the ability to earn more by investing the money elsewhere.

    However, they still need to save the money for quarterly taxes, along with the penalty, and “not everyone has the discipline,” Collado added.

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    Learn How To Calculate Your Estimated Payments

    Every individual who must file a New Mexico personal income tax return must pay estimated tax under Section 7-2-12.2 NMSA 1978. You can meet this requirement through withholding or estimated tax payments. If you owe state income tax, you must pay estimated tax when the tax shown on the return for the year is more than the amount withheld under the Withholding Tax Act by at least $500. To make this calculation do not include tax withheld under the provisions of the Oil and Gas Withholding Tax Act .

    If the difference between the tax shown on the return and withholding tax paid is more than $1,000 the Department determines whether the required annual payment was made and computes penalty on underpayment. The required annual payment is either 90% of the current years tax liability or 100% of the prior years tax liability. You must have filed a full-year New Mexico personal income tax return in the previous year to be eligible for the second option.

    For calendar-year filers who owe estimated tax payments, estimated tax payments are due by April 15, June 15, and September 15 of the tax year, and by January 15 of the following year. If a due date is a Saturday, Sunday, a State or national legal holiday, the payment is timely when the postmark bears the next business days date. Delivery by a private delivery service is timely if the date on the delivery services records is on or before the required mailing date.

    When Are Quarterly Estimated Tax Payments Due

    How Do I Make Estimated Tax Payments to the IRS?!

    Payments for the January 1st to March 31st period are due April 15th for April 1st to May 31st, payments are due June 15th for June 1st to August 31st, payments are due September 15th and for September 1st to December 31st, payments are due January 15th of the following calendar year. This is the general standard payment schedule for normal tax years.

    When these dates fall on a holiday or a weekend, the due date moves to the next business day. Here are the due dates for tax years 2017 through 2019.

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    You Could Be Charged Other Penalties And Fees

    On top of interest, you might be charged other penalties or fees. The IRS assesses a late payment fee if you miss the quarterly tax deadline. This penalty starts at 0.5% of the balance you owe.

    Some individuals may choose to take the penalty due to cash flow constraints. This is especially true if you are starting a new business. Before skipping payments talk to a tax professional to determine what course of action you should take for your individual situation.

    Read more: Should I hire a tax preparer?

    Consider Hiring A Tax Preparer

    If filing your estimated quarterly tax payments is sending you for a loop, it might be time to hire a tax preparer. These experts can help you understand your tax liability and keep your estimated payments straight. Not to mention they can help you maximize deductions too.

    If you prefer to do it yourself, tax preparation software might be a better deal for you. Tax software can do some of the heavy lifting for you, while still keeping you involved in the process. Most tax software is intuitive and easy to use, but each one is a little different.

    Read more:Best tax software, compared

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    Pay As You Go So You Wont Owe: A Guide To Withholding Estimated Taxes And Ways To Avoid The Estimated Tax Penalty

    The IRS has seen an increasing number of taxpayers subject to estimated tax penalties, which apply when someone underpays their taxes. The number of people who paid this penalty jumped from 7.2 million in 2010 to 10 million in 2015, an increase of nearly 40 percent. The penalty amount varies, but can be several hundred dollars.

    The IRS urges taxpayers to check into their options to avoid these penalties. Adjusting withholding on their paychecks or the amount of their estimated tax payments can help prevent penalties. This is especially important for people in the sharing economy, those with more than one job and those with major changes in their life, like a recent marriage or a new child.

    There are some simple tips to help taxpayers.

    Option #: Increase Your W

    Quarterly Taxes: 5 Quick Steps to Pay Estimated Tax Payments Online ...

    Last but not least, if you work a W-2 job in addition to your freelance work, ask your employer to increase your withholding. This saves you from having to submit payments yourself.

    For example, if the results from this calculator tell you to pay $1,200 quarterly, have your employer increase your withholding by $200 on your biweekly payroll. This results in the same amount of money being set aside, without you having to do anything.

    And with that, youâre off to the races! Be sure to visit Keeperâs Free Resources page for more tips and free tools, or download our app so that weâre never further than a click away.

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    What Happens If You Cant Afford To Pay The Estimated Amount

    Generally speaking, it is a good idea to pay as much as you can, even if you are not able to pay the full amount that you estimate you owe. After all, you want to avoid a situation where you are required to pay a large amount at the end of the year after filing your annual tax return, at a time when you may not have saved enough cash to cover the lump-sum tax bill. By paying as much as you can throughout the year, you will minimize this risk.

    If, unfortunately, you do find yourself struggling to meet your tax payments, it is possible to request support from the IRS in the form of a payment plan, an extension to your payment deadline, or even a full or partial forgiveness of your taxes owed. Although there is no guarantee that the IRS would agree to these requests, having a history of proactive and consistent payments will make it easier for the IRS to consider doing so.

    How To Calculate Quarterly Taxes

    Quarterly taxes are payments made every quarter toward your expected tax liability for the year. For example, if you had relatively consistent income and you expected to owe $4,000 in taxes for the year, you would pay approximately $1,000 each quarter.

    Your actual quarterly tax payments will vary with your income, and you can calculate the exact amount of your estimated payments by completing the appropriate IRS tax form to calculate your income earned during the quarter and the resulting tax owed.

    To calculate your quarterly taxes:

  • Gather all of the necessary documents that show income earned during the estimated tax period. This may be pay stubs, 1099 forms, revenue receipts from your business, or other documentation of your income.
  • Total all of your income for the quarter .
  • Subtract any deductions, such as medical insurance payments or retirement contributions. The resulting number is your taxable income.
  • Use the appropriate IRS estimated tax form to calculate your applicable tax rate. Multiply your taxable income by your tax rate to arrive at your quarterly tax liability.
  • While this may sound like a hassle, paying quarterly taxes can actually save you money in the long run. By making smaller payments throughout the year, you can reduce the risk of penalties and interest charges that can add up quickly. In addition, quarterly taxes can help to even out your cash flow by allowing you to spread out your tax bill over the course of the year.

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