Tax Burden By State 2022


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Which Other States Pay No Income Tax

Budget 2022: Will The Budget Reduce Taxpayers’ Burden?

Besides Texas, six other states levy no income taxes:

Two states are sometimes mislabeled as no-income tax states:

These States Have The Highest And Lowest Tax Burdens

  • You may have a wildly different tax bill depending on where you live.
  • That’s because your tax burden individual income, property, sales and excise taxes as a share of total personal income varies by state.
  • You can expect to spend the most in New York, Hawaii, Maine, Vermont and Minnesota, according to a WalletHub report.

As this year’s tax deadline approaches, you may have a wildly different bill depending on where you live, according to a WalletHub report ranking how much residents pay by state.

The report compares total tax burdens individual income, property, sales and excise taxes as a share of total personal income.

“Tax burden is a simpler ratio and helps cut through a lot of the confusion, especially when you’re looking to relocate,” WalletHub analyst Jill Gonzalez said.

Featuretracking Chart: State And Local Government Filing Relief Due To Covid

To help our members keep track of state and local government filing relief due to COVID-19, COST is compiling a state-by-state chart of guidance that has been issued on the matter. COST staff will update the chart on a regular basis as we see more guidance. If you have any additional information to share that is not on the chart, please contact or .

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Tax Burden By State Full Overview

Tax burden represents the proportion of Americans income paid in taxes. In the United States, where you live can heavily affect how much of your annual salary goes to state coffers. Thats why knowing and understanding the tax burden by state is essential. The overall effective tax burden depends on several factors, and these are individual, property, and sales taxes. What state has the highest tax burden? Do the wealthiest Americans have the same tax burden as low-income families? Discover the answers to these questions and more in our in-depth analysis of the overall taxes by state.

How Do I Pay Payroll Tax


Federal payroll taxes are paid online using the Electronic Federal Tax Payment System. Payment methods for state and local payroll taxes vary by location.

This guide is intended to be used as a starting point in analyzing an employers payroll obligations and is not a comprehensive resource of requirements. It offers practical information concerning the subject matter and is provided with the understanding that ADP is not rendering legal or tax advice or other professional services.

Get pricing specific to your business

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Which States Have The Lowest And Highest Property Tax Rates

As of 2022, Hawaii , Alabama , and Colorado are the states with the lowest effective real-estate tax rates. The states that have the highest property taxes are New Hampshire , Illinois , and New Jersey . How do the different rates translate into an annual property tax bill? Take a home valued at $217,500: In Hawaii, the homeowner would pay $606 a year in property taxes, while in New Jersey, the homeowner would pay $5,419.

What States Have No Income Tax

In the United States, there are currently nine states that do not have a state income tax. These states are:


The largest, and considered one of the most tax-friendly states in the United States, Alaska repealed its personal income tax in 1980. A couple of downsides of living there are the remote location and steep cost of living relative to median family incomes.


Florida, a popular vacation retreat, generates most of its revenue from state and local sales tax. Florida also has a very competitive housing market.


Nevada generates most of its income from sales and excise tax. Generally, Nevadas state and local sales tax is on the high side.

New Hampshire

New Hampshire still taxes dividends and interest on investment income until 2027. The cost of living and property taxes in this state are among the highest in the country as well.

South Dakota

South Dakota is considered one of the most affordable states. South Dakota depends on the state and excise taxes to generate revenue.


Tennessee phased out its tax on interest and dividends on investment income in 2021. This state generally relies on an above-average sales tax. The overall tax burden for TN residents is the second-lowest in the country, according to U.S. News & World Report.


Texas has one of the lowest state and local tax burdens in the nation. The Lone Star State generates a good portion of revenue from one of the highest property tax rates in the country.



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Notable 2022 State Individual Income Tax Changes

Last year was a historic year for income tax rate reductions, with more states reducing their individual income tax rates in a single year than the U.S. has seen since the years following the federal tax reform of 1986. In 2021 alone, 13 states enacted or implemented individual income tax rate reductions. Some of these rate reductions were effective starting January 1, 2022 some were retroactive to January 1, 2021 and others are scheduled to take effect in the future. Some of the scheduled future rate reductions rely on tax triggers, where rate reductions will occur once certain revenue benchmarks are met. Other rate reductions are set to occur on specific future dates, with rates phasing down incrementally over time.

New York and the District of Columbia were the only jurisdictions to enact individual income tax rate increases in 2021.

Notable changes to major individual income tax provisions include the following:

Calculating Taxable Income Using Exemptions And Deductions

Gas taxes in New York compared to rest of US â March 15, 2022

Of course, calculating how much you owe in taxes is not quite that simple. For starters, federal tax rates apply only to taxable income. This is different than your total income, otherwise known as gross income. Taxable income is always lower than gross income since the U.S. allows taxpayers to deduct certain income from their gross income to determine taxable income.

To calculate taxable income, you begin by making certain adjustments from gross income to arrive at adjusted gross income . Once you have calculated adjusted gross income, you can subtract any deductions for which you qualify to arrive at taxable income.

Note that there are no longer personal exemptions at the federal level. Prior to 2018, taxpayers could claim a personal exemption, which lowered taxable income. The tax plan signed in late 2017 eliminated the personal exemption, though.

Deductions are somewhat more complicated. Many taxpayers claim the standard deduction, which varies depending on filing status, as shown in the table below.

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Which Taxes Are Included Within The Tax Burdens Estimates

We embrace all taxes reported by the Census Bureaus State and Native Authorities Finance division, probably the most complete useful resource on state and native tax collections knowledge and our tax burden mannequins start line. These taxes are:

  • Property taxes
  • Basic gross sales taxes
  • Excise taxes on alcoholic drinks, amusements, insurance coverage premiums, motor fuels, pari-mutuels, public utilities, tobacco merchandise, and different miscellaneous transactions
  • License taxes on alcoholic drinks, amusements, normal firms, looking and fishing, motor automobiles, motorized vehicle operators, public utilities, occupations and companies not categorized elsewhere, and different miscellaneous licenses
  • Particular person earnings taxes
  • Property, inheritance, and present taxes
  • Documentary and switch taxes
  • Particular assessments for property enhancements and
  • Miscellaneous taxes not categorized in one of many above classes.

Our time unit of measure is the calendar yr. Fiscal yr knowledge from states have been adjusted to match the calendar yr. The state and native tax burden estimates for calendar yr 2022 introduced on this paper are based mostly on the newest knowledge out there from the Census Bureau, the Bureau of Financial Evaluation, and all different knowledge sources employed, and grossed as much as the current based mostly on the newest financial knowledge.

State Tax Rates And Rules For Income Sales Property Estate And Other Taxes That Impact Retirees

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At one time or another, pretty much everyone approaching retirement or early in retirement thinks about spending their golden years in a new location often in a different state. Some retirees want to be closer to family, while others are just looking for warmer weather and more sunshine. But whatever reason you may have for moving from one state to another, make sure you check out the tax situation in any potential new location before packing your bags. Thats because the overall tax burden can vary widely from one state to another. In many cases, were talking about thousands of dollars between State A and State B .

To help with your pre-move research, click on any state in the map below for a detailed summary of state and local taxes on retirement income, real property, every-day purchases, and more. Well also point you to special state tax breaks for seniors. Then, below the map, link to more content about state taxes on retirees, including our picks for the 10 most tax-friendly and the 10 least tax-friendly states for retirees.

Hover over and click on any state in the map to open detailed tax information about a state.

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Calendar Yr 2022 Outcomes: Tax Burden By State

State-local tax burdens of every of the 50 states residents as a share of earnings are clustered fairly shut to at least one one other. That is logical contemplating state and native governments fund related actions equivalent to public schooling, transportation, jail methods, and well being applications, typically beneath the identical federal mandates. Moreover, tax competitors between states can typically make dramatic variations within the degree of taxation between related, close by states unsustainable in the long term.

Desk 2. State-Native Tax Burdens by State , Calendar Yr 2022

$2,647 $2,045

Nationwide, 20 % of all state and native taxes are collected from nonresidents. Because of this, the residents of all states pay surprisingly excessive shares of their complete tax burdens to out-of-state governments. Desk 2 lists the per capita greenback quantities of complete tax burden and earnings which are divided to compute every states burden, in addition to the breakdown of in-state and out-of-state funds for calendar yr 2022.

The residents of three states stand above the remaining, experiencing the best state-local tax burdens within the nation: New York , Connecticut , and Hawaii . Against this, the median state-local tax burden is 10.2 %, and the nationwide common is 11.6 %. Three states are at or beneath 8 %: Alaska , Wyoming , and Tennessee

The states with the best state-local tax burdens in calendar yr 2022 have been:

1. New York

Calculating Your Tax Refund

2022 State Business Tax Climate Index

Whether or not you get a tax refund depends on the amount of taxes you paid during the year. This is because they were withheld from your paycheck. However, it also depends on your tax liability and whether or not you received any refundable tax credits.

When you file your tax return, if the amount of taxes you owe is less than the amount that was withheld from your paycheck during the course of the year, you will receive a refund for the difference. This is the most common reason people receive a tax refund.

If you paid no taxes during the year and owe no taxes, but are eligible for one or more refundable tax credits, you will also receive a refund equal to the refundable amount of the credits.

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Here Are The States Where Tax Filers Are Paying The Highest Percentage Of Their Income

Last updated Aug. 25, 2022| By Josh Koebert| Edited ByBecca Borawski Jenkins

FinanceBuzz is reader-supported. We may receive compensation from the products and services mentioned in this story, but the opinions are the author’s own. Compensation may impact where offers appear. We have not included all available products or offers. Learn more about how we make money and our editorial policies.

With tax season about to go into full swing, FinanceBuzz looked at what kind of a tax burden the average person can expect in every state this year. Using Census data and federal and state tax rates, we calculated tax burdens as a percentage of median annual income for individuals and married couples in every state.

We found the states where people will pay the most and least in taxes, the states individual filers and couples could move to for lower taxes, and more. Read on to find out how taxes in your state stack up to the rest of the country.

Featurelocally Administered Sales And Accommodations Taxes: Do They Comport With Wayfairjuly 28 2022

The Study effectively demonstrates that the burdens of complying with numerous disparate local tax regimes are extremely onerous, particularly in states that lack centralized collection and remittance of local taxes. The Study opens with a Foreword authored by well-known state and local tax experts Jeffrey A. Friedman and Nikki E. Dobay of Eversheds Sutherland LLP that evaluates and analyzes the legal framework and constitutional concerns surrounding state imposition of local taxesparticularly decentralized local taxesafter the Supreme Courts 2018 decision in South Dakota v. Wayfair.

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Tax Burden By State 2022

Taxes are a necessary evil when you live in the United States. Not only do you have to pay federal taxes, but you also have to pay taxes to your state. While it can be a burden, these tax dollars are critical to the state’s revenue, which is used to build and repair critical infrastructure, fund state programs, and other important purposes.

Not only do state taxes cut into your household income, but understanding how much you have to pay can be confusing. Each state has its own rules surrounding different types of taxes and each taxpayer’s circumstances To make it easier to understand how much a person has to pay in each state, we can look at a tax burden ratio.

The tax burden is a measure of all of the total income residents of a state pay in state and local taxes. For this article, we’re going to take a look at the states that have the highest and lowest tax burdens based on data compiled by WalletHub. Each tax burden listed here takes into account property taxes, income taxes, and sales and excise taxes.

Which States Have The Highest And Lowest Income Taxes

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As of Jan. 1, 2022, states with the top marginal individual income tax rates are California , Hawaii , New York , New Jersey , and Washington D.C. . States with the lowest individual income tax rates are Indiana and Pennsylvania . However, Alaska, Florida, Nevada, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, and Wyoming have no state income tax, while New Hampshire only taxes interest and dividends income and Washington only taxes capital gains income.

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Key Facts About Taxes

For a typical middle-class family, the difference between living in the highest-tax state in our rankings Illinois and the lowest Wyoming is nearly $10,000 a year. A breakdown of the state-by-state tax picture reveals:

  • Illinois imposes the highest tax burden. A hypothetical middle-income family would pay $13,894 a year in state and local income, sales and property taxes.
  • Wyoming collects the least. The same family with the same financial picture would spend just $3,279.
  • Mississippi is in the middle of the pack. A typical family would pay $8,025 a year in state and local taxes.

Youre probably not going to pick up and move simply to avoid state and local taxes. There are simpler ways to cut your tax bill, like saving for retirement, calculating business expenses and taking advantage of education credits and deductions. But if youre pondering a relocation for professional or personal reasons, taking tax implications into consideration could help you choose your next move.

Pros And Cons Of Living In A State With No Income Tax

Pro: Pay only federal income tax

If you find yourself in the top federal tax bracket of 37% , you may already think that is a large enough pill to swallow. Adding state income tax on top of that may be enough for some high earners to think about relocating to a state income tax-friendly state.

Con: Other taxes may be higher

Generally, states are not overly wealthy since they dont have a state income tax. These states traditionally will have different revenue plans to raise the revenue needed to run the state. This may require other sources to be higher compared to states with state income tax. Depending on your lifestyle, you may be able to get away with avoiding some of these other taxes, but it will depend on the state in question.

For more information on what other taxes you may be paying in these states, review the following:

  • Alaska Department of Revenue

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What Is The Difference Between Tax Burdens And Tax Collections

The distinction between tax burdens and tax collections is crucial to understanding tax shifting across state lines. Because tax collections represent a tally of tax payments made to state and local governments, they measure legal incidence only. In contrast, our tax burdens estimates allocate taxes to states that are economically affected by them. As a result, the estimates in this report attempt to measure the economic incidence of taxes, not the legal incidence.

Tax collections are useful for some purposes and cited frequently. However, dividing total taxes collected by governments in a state by the states total income is not an accurate measure of the tax burden on a states residents as a whole because it does not accurately reflect the taxes that are actually paid out of that states income.

The authoritative source for state and local tax collections data is the Census Bureaus State and Local Government Finance division, which serves as the main input and starting point for our tax burdens model. Here are a few additional examples of the difference between tax collections and our tax burdens estimates:

In addition to allocating the taxes cited above, this study also allocates taxes on corporate income, commercial and residential property, tourism, and nonresident personal income away from the state of collection to the state of the taxpayers residences.

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