What Happens If You File Or Pay Your Taxes Late
So what happens if you fail to make that deadline? Even by just a day?
It depends on whether you file late or pay late or both. It makes a difference.
Taxes are owed by the deadline regardless of when you file, even if you get an extension. So if you file your taxes on time, but dont pay the taxes that you owe on time, youre accruing interest and penalties.
That said, if the IRS owes you money, it wont charge you a penalty other than the fact that it has your money. If you file your taxes late, that delays when you can get your refund. Youre also missing out on other money you might be eligible to receive, such as the Earned Income Tax Credit or a Premium Tax Credit. And heres a nuance if you hold a security clearance, failure to file your taxes even if youre owed a refund could lose it.
Its true that if your income is low enough, you may not need to file a return.
Whats The Penalty For Filing Your Taxes Late
Is there a penalty for filing taxes late? The answer: yes. Taxpayers have to pay a separate fine if they fail to file their taxes on time. This is what we call the failure-to-file penalty. Meanwhile, failing to pay your taxes before the due date will result in a failure-to-pay penalty.
Failure-to-File Penalty: If a taxpayer fails to file within 60 days after the deadline, they have to pay $205 or 100% of their unpaid tax, whichever is the lesser amount.
Failure-to-Pay Penalty: The failure-to-pay penalty is 0.5% of every months unpaid taxes. Depending on the amount, it can accumulate up to 25% of the taxes you owe.
Tip: The failure-to-file penalty is about 10 times larger than the IRS failure-to-pay penalty. Thats why, even if you dont have enough cash, you should still file your taxes on time. As much as possible, you want to avoid the failure-to-file penalty.
The IRS can help you find solutions to pay off your taxes. But they cant help you if you dont file your taxes on time.
Pay Tax Bills To Avoid Enforcement Actions
If you have an unpaid tax bill, you should pay it in full immediately. By doing so, you can avoid accruing more penalties, interest and the start of civil enforcement actions that include tax warrants, levies, income executions, and seizure and sale of assets. See Audits/bills/collections for more information.
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How Irs Calculates The Penalty For Late Corporate Tax Filing
Heres how the IRS computes the penalty for late corporate tax filings:
- Failure to File Penalty only: 5 percent of the unpaid tax balance
- Failure to File and Failure to Pay Penalty: if both are applied to your account in the same month, the failure
If you havent resolved your tax debt with the IRS after five months, youll no longer be assessed a failure to file penalty. However, the failure to pay the penalty will continue until it reaches 25 percent of your unpaid balance.
Also, note that your minimum failure to file penalty is $435 if you missed the filing deadline by more than 60 days. This rule is applicable to tax years 2020, 2021 and 2022.
What Happens If You Don’t File Taxes
If you don’t file taxes and you owe taxes, you could be subject to failure-to-file and failure-to-pay penalties along with interest. If the IRS determines you owe taxes, it will send you a Notice and Demand for Payment. If you don’t pay, the IRS can place a lien against your property, including your home and bank accounts. If you don’t pay after receiving the Notice and Demand for Payment, the IRS will send a Final Notice of Intent to Levy 30 days before the levy. If you still don’t file and pay, the IRS can seize your property. You might not need to file if you don’t meet certain income requirements.
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What Are Willful And Non
Not knowing about your tax obligations and, therefore, not fulfilling them is considered to be a non-willful violation. But if you were aware of your tax obligations and chose not to file or pay for any reason, then it is an expat willful violation. The former approach leads to lower tax penalties and fines for US expats, or sometimes no penalties at all.
For example, if you knew about your duty to report information on FBAR or Form 8938, but intentionally decided not to report your accounts, this behavior is classified as willful. However, if you didnt know that you were required to report or disclose your foreign income and acted unintentionally, then your behavior was non-willful.
It is important to understand if your tax non-compliance is willful or non-willful conduct as it will determine whether you can use the Streamlined Foreign Offshore Program to become tax compliant. The vast majority of taxpayers who have previously undisclosed interests in a foreign financial account or asset are likely to believe they are non-willful, but the issue is whether the IRS will agree with them. So taxpayers and their representatives must be cautious when certifying non-willful status to the government.
Can I Pay My Tax By Credit Card
Yes, you can pay your tax bill with credit in a variety of ways. Credit card and bank loans are both payment options. You can apply for a bank loan, home equity loan or take a cash advance on a credit card to pay your tax bill.
Third party providers like Official Payments Corporation are also available to facilitate using a credit card to pay your tax bill.
- These companies charge a convenience fee for their service.
- That fee is in addition to any interest and finance charges your credit card company may charge you.
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Penalties For Late Payments
There is also a penalty for paying late, but it’s less punitive than that for not filing. That penalty for late payments also depends on how much tax you still owe relative to what you’ve already paid.
“If you did underpay, the IRS is going to want interest,” said Davidoff. Currently, the IRS’ interest rate is 4% per year, compounded daily, on any taxes not paid.
“If you pay them less than 90% of your tax liability, in addition to the 4% per annum, there’s a half-percent-a-month penalty,” Davidoff said.
So, if a taxpayer hasn’t paid at least 90% of the tax they owe by the April deadline, “you’re paying basically 10% per annum in non-deductible interest and penalties,” Davidoff said.
How To Avoid A Failure To File Penalty
The best way to avoid a failure to file penalty is to file your return by the due date or request an automatic six-month extension. You can file a tax extension by mailing Form 4868 to the IRS or paying the tax you owe via Direct Pay, the Electronic Federal Tax Payment System or credit or debit card by the April 15 due date. Most of the best tax software platforms can also electronically file an extension on your behalf.
If filing on time isnt an option, file and pay the taxes due as soon as possible. Then look into penalty abatement.
Penalty abatement is the process of removing penalties for taxpayers who made a mistake or faced extenuating circumstances. There are two common reasons the IRS may consider penalty relief.
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What Are The Fatca/fbar Penalties
The Foreign Bank Account Reporting is introduced so as to prevent taxpayers from avoiding taxes by hiding their financial assets abroad. You need to file FinCEN 114 if you have one or more foreign financial accounts with an aggregate total value that exceeds $10,000 at any time during the tax year. It also applies to accounts that you have control over, such as a signature authority, for example.
The tax penalties and fines for US expats for not filing FBARs are much stricter and tougher than the failure-to-file or failure-to-pay ones. Expat willful violation means that you knew you had to file but decided not to. Non-willful, on the other hand, means that you werent aware of the requirement to file FBAR and, therefore, unintentionally failed it. The minimum penalty you may face for non-willful violation is $10,000 for each year that you fail to file FBAR. If the IRS considers the failure to file as willful, then the penalty will be $100,000 or 50% of the account balance at the time of the violation, whichever is larger.
Do I Need To Take Any Action To Get My Penalty Refunded
The I.R.S. says that no application is necessary and that there is no need to call. If you paid the penalty, you will automatically receive a credit or a refund. Most eligible taxpayers will receive their refunds by the end of September, the agency said. But remember, you have to have filed the return by Sept. 30.
An overwhelming majority of filers will receive checks mailed to the address on file with the I.R.S. There is no option for direct deposit, except in very rare circumstances, according to Ms. Collinss blog post.
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Underpayment Of Estimated Tax Penalties
If you pay an amount for estimated taxes thats less than you actually owe and fail to remit the difference by the due date, you could also be on the hook for an underpayment penalty. Its determined by the amount of the underpayment, the period for which it was due and underpaid and any applicable interest that accrues while the balance remains unpaid.
Why Should Taxpayers File On Time
There are five main reasons why:
The IRS Sends Their Own Version of Your Tax File
Whenever a taxpayer, whether a business, self-employed or salaried, misses the tax deadline, the IRS sends a notice asking for the payment. Together with this notice is a tax form specific to the tax status that the IRS filled out.
This tax file by the IRS may not be something the taxpayers want: the IRS usually uses the previous tax file without deductions and other benefits.
For example, some freelancers may change their status from being a freelancer to a private LLC or even form an agency that operates as a C corporation. That means the taxpayer loses benefits and deduction that comes from being a corporation.
This loss of accurate information can really cost taxpayers quite a lot of money, not only due to the late fees, but also due to lost deductibles. Filing taxes ahead of schedule is important, especially for businesses who may not want an extra expense in the form of tax debts.
Late Filing of Business Taxes Aggravates the Situation
Some businesses, especially the newer ones, try to postpone paying taxes to save on cash outflow. Unfortunately, this just makes the cashflow problem bigger.
Self-Employed Taxpayers May Lose All Their Revenue
FICA Benefits May Decrease
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What Is The Penalty For Filing Taxes Late With An Extension
If you filed an extension, then you wont have to pay the failure-to-file penalty. But you still have to pay the failure-to-pay penalty, which is 0.5% of your unpaid tax amount. While you werent able to avoid paying the IRS late filing penalty, you would have still saved a lot of cash than if you were to pay both of them.
For example, if you didnt apply for an extension, failed to file your taxes on time, and have unpaid taxes, then youll have to pay both the failure-to-file and failure-to-pay penalty.
These are just the basics of late tax penalties. The penalty for filing taxes late is quite large. Its even more of a headache if you combine it with the IRS failure-to-pay penalty. Thats why its best to file your taxes in advance and remove any outstanding debt. Even if the deadline is still a few months ahead, get in touch with your tax adviser as soon as possible to create a solid budget plan.
What are your questions about the penalty for filing taxes late? Post them in the comments down below!
Penalties For Filing And/or Paying Late
As it turns out, the penalty for failure to file is much steeper than the penalty for a late payment. Thus, if you cant afford the amount due, you should still file your return in a timely manner and then explore alternative payment options.
To be a bit more specific, the penalty for late payment is typically 0.5% of your unpaid taxes per month after the deadline that your taxes go unpaid. This penalty can wind up being as much as 25% of your total amount due, so dont let it slide any longer than absolutely necessary.
In contrast, the penalty for filing your return late is typically a whopping 5% of your unpaid taxes per month after the deadline that they receive your return, topping out at 25%. And if you file more than 60 days late, the minimum penalty is the smaller of $135 or 100% of the taxes that you owe.
Keep in mind that, as long as you request an extension and pay in at least 90% of your actual tax liability by the original due date , youll avoid any underpayment penalties as long as the balance if paid no later than the extended due date.
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I Didnt Know About My Us Tax Obligations Will I Still Be Fined
It depends. Tax penalties and fines for US expats are not always imposed as each taxpayers situation is different. The IRS is aware that a large portion of Americans abroad does not know about their filing obligations, so it offers preferential treatment to those who seek ways of complying with U.S. tax law. If you didnt know that you had to file, you could be eligible for the IRS amnesty programs.
How To File For An Extension
You can successfully apply for a tax extension correctly by filling out the IRS Tax Form 7004 or IRS Tax Form 4868 . You can sign up for any reason whatsoever, and the organization can automatically compromise with you.
Sending an application for an extension of your tax return can be beneficial. Heres why you need to apply for a tax renewal:
- It gives you more time to fill out your taxes perfectly: When a new year begins, the tax season begins, and everyone can feel like they are filing their taxes on time. Applying for an extension not only relieves the stress of submitting on time but also gives you time to organize your paperwork. You also have the option of working with an accountant when they can focus more on you and your needs, rather than trying to handle hundreds of clients and all taxes on time. This is an excellent option for self-employed people.
- It saves you a lot of money: Most tax preparers maintain a higher tax rate during the tax season and raise it further during the deadline week. They tend to lower prices significantly in late spring and summer. By filing a tax return with your accountant at this point, you will pay much less. Tax extensions give you additional time to make various choices on your tax return and receive a tax refund when you submit it after the extended deadline.
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How You Can Avoid Or Minimize Penalties
You can skip all IRS late-filing and late-payment penalties completely by filing and paying your tax balance due on time. While thatâs the obvious goal, we all know sometimes life just gets in the way.
If youâre doing your best to catch up, and you just didnât get there before the deadline, consider a few ways to minimize your tax penalties.
File an extension. If the April deadline hasnât yet passed, file for a tax extension and use those extra six months to get your finances caught up and organized for filing. Remember that an extension gives you more time for filingânot payment. Payment is still due by April 18. If youâve already missed the deadline, you no longer have the option to file for an extension.
File your taxes even if you canât pay them yet. The penalty for missing federal tax filing is larger than the penalty for missing the payment. File your income tax return with the IRS and avoid the larger of the two penalties. There are many ways to sort out how to pay your taxes.
Get help to file as quickly as possible. If you missed the deadline, penalties are creeping up every month. File as soon as possible, even if it means paying for help from a tax professional to sort out the numbers and get your tax forms prepared. The cost of bookkeeping and working with a tax agent may be far less than the increasing penalties for leaving your business income taxes unpaid.