What Is Real Estate Tax


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How Do Real Estate Taxes Work

Real Estate Property Tax

Property taxes are calculated by multiplying the real estates assessed value by the local tax rate. Williams said this is known as an ad valorem tax, which is Latin for according to the value.

Tax rates can vary by state, county, city, and even school district. Tax-Rates.org reported the median property tax rates by state in 2020, which ranged from 0.18% in Louisiana to 1.89% in New Jersey. For example, if you own a home in New Jersey thats worth $250,000, you could expect to pay $4,725 per year in property taxes.

All real estate owners pay these taxes, and its important to pay them in full and on time. Failing to pay a property tax bill can cause the municipality to issue a lien against the real property and engage in foreclosure actions, Williams said.

+ Differences Between Real Estate Tax And Property Tax

We all pay taxes on various things, yet most of us do not know the difference between real estate and property taxes. Real Estate refers to land and things hooked to the ground.

On the other hand, Property relates to something that can be moved and is not attached to the land. Therefore, Tax paid on Real Estate refers to as Real Estate Tax, and Tax paid on Property refers to as Property Tax.

Key Differences

Real Estate Tax

  • Real Estate Tax is paid on Real Estate. Real Estate means things that are in touch with the land and can not be moved.
  • Real Estate Tax is paid monthly.
  • Examples include Taxes on the house, flats, buildings, etc.
  • Property Tax

  • Property Tax is paid on Personal Property.
  • Personal Property means things that are not connected with land and can be moved.
  • Personal Property Tax is paid annually.
  • Examples include Taxes on Cars, Technological appliances, Jewelry, etc.
  • How To Calculate Real Estate Tax

    Real estate tax calculations rely on three main components: the value of the property, the assessment rate, and the tax rate. Both the assessment rate and tax rate are set by state and local municipalities. Lets take a closer look at the above example. In Denver County, the assessment rate is 7.15 percent, and the tax rate is about .074 for every $1 of assessed value. If you own a home valued at $500,000, the following formula could be used to calculate the real estate tax:

    500,000 X .0715 X .0742 = $2652

    Keep reading for a more in depth look at how property taxes are calculated.

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    Do Home Improvements Reduce Tax On Capital Gains

    You can also reduce the amount of capital gains subject to capital gains tax by the cost of home improvements youve made. You can add the amount of money you spent on any home improvementssuch as replacing the roof, building a deck, replacing the flooring, or finishing a basementto the initial price of your home to give you the adjusted cost basis. The higher your adjusted cost basis, the lower your capital gain when you sell the home.

    For example: if you purchased your home for $200,000 in 1990 and sold it for $550,000, but over the past three decades have spent $100,000 on home improvements. That $100,000 would be subtracted from the sales price of your home this year. Instead of owing capital gains taxes on the $350,000 profit from the sale, you would owe taxes on $250,000. In that case, youd meet the requirements for a capital gains tax exclusion and owe nothing.

    Take-home lesson: Make sure to save receipts of any renovations, since they can help reduce your taxable income when you sell your home. However, keep in mind that these must be home improvements. You cant take a deduction from income for ordinary repairs and maintenance on your house.

    How Are Property Taxes Determined

    Capital gains tax on real estate

    Personal property taxes are calculated based on the depreciated value of the asset. Typically, the local tax assessor creates a baseline value based on the amount paid for the personal property. The assessed value usually declines each year due to expected wear and tear.

    Each state treats personal property taxes differently. For vehicles, most owners pay the taxes when they renew their tags. When you pay these annual vehicle registration or license fees, the portion that is based on the value of the vehicle is the personal property tax.

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    What Is A Property Tax

    Local governments levy property taxes on property owners within their locality. Governments use taxes to provide taxpayers with various services, including schools, police, fire and garbage collection. Property taxes are calculated by applying an assessment ratio to the propertys fair market value.

    How Do Property Taxes Work

    State, county and local governments rely on tax funds to pay for services like schools, road maintenance and police and fire, among many other services. Depending on where you live, you may receive tax bills from the county, city and school district, but most areas provide one superbill for you to pay.

    Every homeowner pays taxes based on their homes value and the property tax rates for the county or city. Most areas charge property taxes semiannually, and you pay them in arrears. For example, in 2021, youd pay the property taxes for 2020.

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    Tax Rates Penalties & Fees

    How much is it?

    The City of Philadelphia and the School District of Philadelphia both impose a tax on all real estate in the City. For the 2022 tax year, the rates are:

    0.6317% + 0.7681% = 1.3998%

    The amount of Real Estate Tax you owe is determined by the value of your property, as assessed by the Office of Property Assessment . If you disagree with your property assessment, you can file an appeal with the Board of Revision of Taxes . Appeals must be filed by the first Monday in October of the year prior to the tax year you are appealing.

    What happens if you don’t pay on time?

    If you fail to pay your Real Estate Taxes by March 31, increased charges which include interest will be added to the principal amount of the tax. Collectively called additions, these charges accrue at the rate of 1.5% per month, beginning April 1 until January 1 of the following year.

    If the taxes remain unpaid on January 1 of the following year:

    • A 15% maximum addition is added to the principal balance
    • The taxes are registered delinquent and
    • Liens are filed in the amount of the total delinquency, including additions.
    • The City can begin the process of selling your home at a sheriff sale.

    Why Real Estate And Personal Property Are Distinct Taxes

    Real Estate Taxes: Save Money With Deductions When Filing!

    First, the rate of taxes that you pay is different. Suffice it to say that real estate taxes are much steeper than personal property taxes. When you think about it, you can typically register a car annually for a fee of $40-$75, with a value of $20,000-$60,000. A home is assessed at a much higher value with a much higher tax rate. Even the cheapest real estate taxes in the country for a modestly valued home would likely be several hundred dollars.

    Second, you may be able to deduct real estate taxes on your home as expenses on your federal tax return if you live in the home and itemize deductions on Schedule A. Personal property taxes may also be deducted if you itemize, but the deductions will be a lot less on a boat or RV than they would on your home and go in a different place on your federal return. This is not only because your personal property typically has less value than a home but also because its taxed at a lower rate than real estate taxes.

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    How Real Estate Taxes Are Determined

    Lets say your house has a fair market value of $350,000 and the predetermined percentage in your municipality is 65%, the tax assessment value of your home is $227,500, or $350,000 x 65%.

    If your local tax rate is 3%, then you would pay $6,825 in real estate tax per year. If your local tax rate was higher, say 8%, youd pay $18,200 on a similarly valued home in another locale. Location, location, location.

    Determine If Your Local Taxes Are Increasing

    To determine if your local taxes are increasing, you should examine tax levies not tax rates. Tax rates are not accurate indicators of how much more a school district or local government is collecting in taxes this year. This is because tax rates are based on the total taxable assessments in school district or municipality. If the value of property in the jurisdiction changes, that will skew the tax rate. For example:

    • a town increases its assessments but keeps the tax rate the same. As a result of the increased assessments, the town collects more in taxes. To collect the same amount in taxes, the tax rate should drop proportionally.

    If you want to know if the school district, city, town, or county is spending more, look at the budget. If you want to know if it’s collecting more in taxes, look at the levy and the total amount to be collected in taxes.

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    Find A Good Tax Professional

    While taxes for homeowners can be relatively simple, taxes for real estate investors are tricky. The taxes covered here are the ones youll likely encounter as a real estate investor. Still, you may owe other taxes, and you may be eligible for other tax benefits, depending on your situation.

    Tax laws are complicated and change periodically. Unless you’re a real estate tax law rock star , you should plan on working with someone who is. Find a trusted tax accountant or CPA to guide you through the process of buying, operating, and selling investment property. That way, you’ll get the best tax treatment possible and avoid any surprises at tax time.

    All About Property Taxes

    Capital gains tax on real estate

    When you purchase a home, you’ll need to factor in property taxes as an ongoing cost. After all, you can rely on receiving a tax bill for as long as you own property. Its an expense that doesnt go away over time and generally increases over the years as your home appreciates in value.

    What you pay isnt regulated by the federal government. Instead, its based on state and county tax levies. Therefore, your property tax liability depends on where you live and the value of your property.

    In some areas of the country, your annual property tax bill may be less than one months mortgage payment. In other places, it can be as high as three to four times your monthly mortgage costs. With property taxes being so variable and location-dependent, youll want to take them into account when youre deciding on where to live. Many areas with high property taxes have great amenities, such as good schools and public programs, but youll need to have room in your budget for the taxes if you want to live there.

    A financial advisor can help you understand how homeownership fits into your overall financial goals. Financial advisors can also help with investing and financial plans, including taxes, retirement, estate planning and more, to make sure you are preparing for the future.

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    Didnt Receive Your Bill

    You can view, print or pay your 2021 property tax bill online. This gives you peace of mind that you are paying the correct amount due and confirms we received your payment.

    Also, make sure your address is up to date with the Palm Beach County Property Appraisers Office. We mail over 600,000 property tax bills to the owner and address of the record on file with the Property Appraisers Office.

    Just a reminder If you do not receive your property tax bill, you are still responsible for paying the total amount due before April 1.

    Florida Statutes, Chapter 197, Section 122 states:All owners of property are held to know that taxes are due and payable annually and are responsible for ascertaining the amount of the current and delinquent taxes and paying them before April 1 of the following year in which taxes are assessed.

    How Do You Pay Them

    When you buy a home, your real estate taxes are typically split into installments and added to your monthly mortgage payment. The tax funds are held in escrow until they are actually due. Then the lender pays them on your behalf. A tax professional or your mortgage lender can estimate your annual tax bill.

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    Why Are Real Estate Taxes & Property Taxes Separate

    Real estate and property taxes are separate in how they are calculated and how much is owed. Real estate taxes are based on the propertys value, and therefore tend to be much higher than personal property taxes. Personal property taxes, such as car registrations, are typically flat costs determined by the type of asset. For example, in Colorado, a passenger car can be registered for $75. A single-family home valued at $500,000 in Colorado would owe roughly $2,600 in real estate property taxes.

    This difference becomes important during tax season, as property taxes can count as deductions. If you pay a significant amount in real estate property taxes, this can significantly impact your total amount owed.

    How Do Personal Property Taxes Work

    Pay $0 Taxes – Top Real Estate Tax Strategies Everyone Should Know

    Personal property taxes are also calculated as a percentage of an items value, which typically decreases over time as its perceived value goes down, Franco said. These taxes are charged by county or local jurisdictions, which may choose to include different types of property in the tax assessment.

    Williams noted that these taxes are usually self-reported on your tax return. Additionally, most municipalities will exempt a certain amount of property from being reported. For example, if your city exempts the first $50,000 in personal property and you own $70,000 worth, youre only required to pay taxes on the remaining $20,000.

    Again, be sure to pay your personal property taxes on time. Failing to pay or report tangible property can lead to fines and liens against the property, Williams said.

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    Mobile Homes And Exemptions

    Mobile homes that are a primary or secondary residences fall into a murky category. If they are on rented land, they’re considered personal property and must be licensed and taxed just like a car. If the mobile home sits on land that you own it’s considered real estate and subject to real estate taxes. Most municipalities that impose real estate and personal property taxes also offer various exemptions. For instance, exemptions typically apply for widows, disabled persons and families of combat military personnel.


    How To Avoid Capital Gains Tax As A Real Estate Investor

    If the home youre selling is not your primary residence but rather an investment property youve flipped or rented out, avoiding capital gains tax is a bit more complicated. But its still possible. The best way to avoid a capital gains tax if youre an investor is by swapping like-kind properties with a 1031 exchange. This allows you to sell your property and buy another one without recognizing any potential gain in the tax year of sale.

    In essence, youre swapping one investment asset for another, says Re/Max Advantage Plus White. He cautions, however, that there are very strict rules regarding timelines and guidelines with this transaction, so be sure to check them with an accountant.

    If youre opting out of the rental property investment business and putting your money in another venture that does not qualify for the 1031 exchange, then youll owe the capital gains tax on the profit.

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    Real Estate Tax Is Tax Collected By The City

    WHO IS TAXED: All owners of real estate located within the City and School District. The market value of the property is determined by the Allegheny County Office of Property Assessment. The taxes are calculated by applying the millage rate to the assessed value.

    DISCOUNTS: Taxpayers may take a 2% discount on either of the following if taxes are paid by February 10th:

    * The total annual tax due or,

    * The first installment of tax due.


    * Last day of February for 1st installment or the annual amount at gross

    * April 30th for 2nd installment

    * July 31st for 3rd installment

    If no payment is made by the last day of February or if less than the entire first installment amount is paid by the last day of February, the entire years taxes become due and payable in full and incur interest charges from March 1st.

    Tax bills are mailed in January. Further installment bills are mailed in April and July.

    If you have any questions please call 412-255-2525 or visit

    City of Pittsburgh

    How Is Property Tax Calculated

    real estate tax shelter example

    Property taxes are assessed differently from state to state, and even from municipality to municipality. The way one city assesses taxes could be different even from its neighboring city. However, there are general guidelines for calculating property taxes that you can use to get a general estimate:

  • Find the assessed value of the subject property.

  • Add the value of the land and any subsequent improvements to determine the true value.

  • Locate and talk to the areas tax assessor to learn the local tax rate.

  • Account for any additional taxes levied by subsequent local agencies.

  • Add up all of the taxes from steps three and four.

  • Multiply all the taxes you are aware of by the property value .

  • To calculate your property tax rate, theres one thing you must do before anything else: determine the current market value of your property. While you may have an idea of how much your home is worth, its the number determined by the tax assessor that matters. Therefore, its best to consult them to get an accurate assessment.

    Dont rely on an assessment you may have already received. According to Realtor.com, tax assessments take place every time a property is sold, bought, built, or renovated by examining the permits and paperwork filed with the local municipality. Youll need the most updated number based on your propertys current value. You can do so by checking your local tax assessors website or giving them a phone call.

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