Why Are Property Taxes So High In Texas


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Property Taxes In Texas EXPLAINED | Why Are HOUSTON Property Taxes So HIGH?!?!

With campaign season comes new promises to cut property taxes.

Abbott has touted a taxpayer bill of rights that includes proposals to further reduce school property tax rates, make property appraisals more transparent and limit local governments from taking on new debt without voter approval.

On Wednesday, ORourke put forth a set of ideas to reduce Texans property tax burden. That would include making sure that the state picks up 50% of the tab for public schools, expanding Medicaid to ease the property tax bill for publicly funded hospitals, plus legalizing marijuana and taxing its sale. He also floated the idea of legalizing casino gambling and sports betting as a way of generating more tax revenue.

Texas voters will have the opportunity to cut their own taxes at the May ballot box. On the ballot is a measure to raise the states homestead exemption from $25,000 to $40,000 for school district property taxes. The average homeowner would see about $176 in savings on their annual property tax bill, according to Republican state Sen. Paul Bettencourt of Houston, the proposals author.

Whether state lawmakers will be able to use federal stimulus funds to pay for property tax cuts hasnt been settled. The $3 billion comes out of the American Rescue Plan Act, the $1.9 trillion stimulus bill aimed at pandemic relief, which prohibits the use of stimulus funds for tax cuts.

Craymer, the TTARA president, is dismissive of that.

Checking Official Tax Record For Your Texas Home

The tax record for your home might contain inaccurate or incomplete information, leading the county tax appraiser to place too high a value on it. As explained above, the higher your home is valued, the more county tax you will pay.

Get a copy of the tax record from your county tax appraiser’s office. Review the record for errors. Among other things, check the following:

  • Is your home correctly classified as residential property?
  • Is the size of your home and the lot it sits on correctly stated?
  • Does the record accurately list the number of bedrooms and bathrooms?
  • Does the record list improvements that were not actually made?
  • Are defects in your homesuch as a leaky basement or an aging roofmentioned?
  • Is the age of your home accurately stated?
  • Is the purchase price accurate?
  • Does the record give you the benefit of all the tax breaks that you may qualify forsuch as those that may apply based on your income, age, disability, or military service?

If there is incorrect or incomplete information, let the tax appraiser know so that the record can be corrected and the taxable value adjusted. But even if the tax record is accurate, you might disagree with the tax appraiser’s conclusion regarding the market value of your home. In that case, you’ll need to do more.

How Can I Keep My Property Tax Payments Under Control

There are many steps you can take to reduce your annual property tax bill and stay involved in the process of determining annual home tax increases, including:

  • Apply for exemptions that can reduce your annual home tax bill.
  • Challenge your homes assessed value with the appraisal review board.
  • Get out to vote in November if your county is proposing taxes above the new limit for annual increases.
  • Attend county and local open meetings where property taxes will be discussed.

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Overview Of Texas Taxes

Texas has some of the highest property taxes in the U.S. The average effective property tax rate in the Lone Star State is 1.69%, well above the national average of 1.07%.

Enter Your Location
of Assessed Home Value
  • About This Answer

    To calculate the exact amount of property tax you will owe requires your property’s assessed value and the property tax rates based on your property’s address. Please note that we can only estimate your property tax based on median property taxes in your area. There are typically multiple rates in a given area, because your state, county, local schools and emergency responders each receive funding partly through these taxes. In our calculator, we take your home value and multiply that by your county’s effective property tax rate. This is equal to the median property tax paid as a percentage of the median home value in your county.

    …read more

Reason Number Three These Taxes Are Set At A Local Government Level

FAQ# 3

The State of Texas doesnt determine what your property tax bill will be, as this is set by your local authorities. While this is a good thing in some ways as it keeps the power to change taxes local to your own community, it does mean that the state government cant act to regulate or influence this taxation. The most they can do is pass a bill that tightens regulations on tax hikes, pass a law that allows residents of Texas to vote on tax increases in their local community, or increase state funding for public education . For these changes to occur, they would have to be passed by the state legislature, which hasnt happened at this point. In fact, state funding for public education has dropped in recent years from 45% to 38%.

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Fort Bend County: 223%

Finally, the county with the highest property tax in Texas is Fort Bend at an average rate of 2.23% about double the national average. A lot of this comes from various special tax districts that impose specific levies. Fort Bend County has more than 811,000 people and a median home value of $233,300.

While weve chosen to display this information by county, it bears noting that the tax rates also vary by city within these counties. Additionally, Texas highest property tax rates tend to be in large metropolitan areas that may span across multiple counties. For instance, the Dallas-Fort Worth metroplex covers 11 different counties.


How Your Texas Tax Bill Is Calculated

Texas does not have any state property taxes. Rather, taxes are determined at the county level, depending on the location of your home. Two factors determine your Texas tax bill:

  • the taxable value of your property, and
  • Below is an overview of these factors.

    The process starts when a local public officialknown as the county tax appraiserdetermines your home’s taxable value. In Texas, the taxable value of a residential property is 100% of its “market value”basically, what it would sell for on the open market. The 100% figure is also known as the assessment ratio.

    The taxing authorities multiply the taxable value of your property by the tax rate to arrive at the tax you’ll owe. Imagine that the taxable value of your property is $300,000 and the tax rate is $10 for every $1,000 of taxable value. Your property tax for the year will be $3,000 .

    Local officials set the tax rate, so it varies depending on where you live. There are 254 counties in Texas, each with its own tax rate. You can view each of those counties, and find information about local assessment policies online. If you’re unhappy about the tax rate, there’s not much you can do other than vote wisely for the elected officials who determine it, and carefully consider revenue issues that appear on the ballot.

    But the story is different for the taxable-value factor. If the taxable value assigned to your home is too high, you might be able to get it loweredand save a bundle in property tax.

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    The History Of The Texas Property Tax A Controversial Levy

    Texas has had property taxes as long as its been, well, Texas. In fact, the Mexican governments elimination of a generous property tax exemption for settlers, as part of anti-immigrant laws put into place in 1830, helped spur the fight for Texas independence.

    The property tax has seen many changes over time. And nearly two centuries later, it remains an essential revenue source for local governments in Texas, from cities and counties to mosquito control districts.

    Claim All Texas Property Tax Breaks To Which You’re Entitled


    Texas law allows for reduced property taxes if you meet certain requirements. Specifically, Chapter 11 of the Texas Tax Code provides various “exemptions” to property taxes, depending on the specific regulations within your county. The chief programs in Texas are summarized here.

    You can learn more about property tax exemptions on the Comptroller’s website. Contact your county tax appraiser for complete details on these and other Texas exemptions, including any required forms you need to complete and the deadline for filing them. Contact information for your county appraiser is available from the Texas Comptroller.

    Depending on the complexity of your situation, you might want to seek legal help. To find an experienced real estate lawyer in Texas, check out Nolo’s Lawyer Directory.

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    How Bad Are The Overall Taxes In Texas

    Although the average property tax rates in Texas rank in the countrys top 10 highest, you may be wondering about the other elements of the states tax system and how each one compares to other states.

    According to statistics compiled by the independent nonprofit Tax Foundation, Texas levies the following taxes:

    Why Is Texas Property Tax So High

    • Property taxes in Texas are also high because they are set locally. The state of Texas does not determine what you owe on your property tax bill, local taxing authorities do. This keeps the power over your property taxes in the local community. Unfortunately, it also makes it difficult for state officials to regulate or influence.

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    Why Are Property Taxes So Much Higher In Texas

    Property taxes are skyrocketing in Texas. As of 2017, Texas had the 4th highest property taxes in the United States out of 50 states and D.C., according to SmartAsset.com. Illinois and several Northeastern states also top the list.

    SmartAsset.com lists the average Texas property tax rate at 1.94 percent of the propertys appraised value. That is high when compared to the national average of 1.21 percent.

    The bottom line is this: Texans pay roughly a third more in property taxes than the national average. The amount in proportion to income is rising, making it harder than ever for property owners to find the money to pay.

    Why are Texas property taxes so much higher than other states? There are three main reasons. The first has to do with where Texas gets its tax revenue. The second is about who sets property tax rates in Texas. The third is about rising home appraisal values.

    Why Are Property Taxes In Texas So High

    The 10 worst states for property taxes

    Texas local governments rely heavily on property taxes to paythe salaries of police officers and firefighters and for government services like roads, libraries, parks and public schools. Coupled with the fact that Texas has no state income tax, Texans property tax bills are among the highest in the nation.

    Texas homeowners pay a higher proportion of their home value toward property taxes than most homeowners in other parts of the nation, according to the Tax Foundation. Texas depends more on property taxes than almost any other state to pay for government services edged out only by New Hampshire, Alaska and New Jersey.

    In no arena is that more apparent than in Texas public schools which depend greatly on property taxes for funding.

    School districts use local property tax revenue to cover as much of their base budgets as possible then the state chips in the rest. Over time, that formula has often resulted in fewer state dollars paying for public education as local property values have grown.

    In any given year, revenue from property taxes makes up more than half of the states pot of funds to pay for public schools, the rest of which comes from state and federal sources. Of the $69.3 billion that went to public education in fiscal year 2020, property taxes kicked in $38.4 billion while the state provided $23.3 billion. The rest came from federal funds.

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    The High Property And Regressive Sales Taxes Texans Fork Over Mean That All But The Luckiest Of Us Pay A Higher Effective Tax Rate Than Californians Do

    By Kevin Sánchez onThu, Oct 6, 2022 at 10:52 am

    Editor’s Note: Bad Takes is a column of opinion and analysis.

    I guess the trouble was we Americans didn’t have any self-admitted proletarians. Everyone was a temporarily embarrassed millionaire.” John Steinbeck, A Primer on the 30s

    Cutting Texans’ exorbitant property taxes has emerged as the atypically bipartisan watchword of the governor’s race. Both Democratic contender Beto O’Rourke and incumbent Republican Gov. Greg Abbott are promising voters much-hankered-for relief.

    “Ad valorem” is an old Latin term meaning “according to what your shit’s worth,” and when the appraised value of your shitty home abruptly skyrockets, so does your shitty ad valorem tax bill.

    For some reason unknown to the four U.S. Supreme Court justices who dissented in 1973’s precedent-setting San Antonio Independent School District v. Rodriquez case, Texas chose to draw the bulk of its local school funding from taxes on nearby properties. That’s great if you happen to live next to multimillion dollar real estate. It’s less than great if you live in Section 8 housing. To the five justices in the majority, the Equal Protection Clause was an old American term meaning “you’re on your own.”

    But at least we can console ourselves in knowing we’re better off tax-wise than the People’s Republic of California, right? RIGHT?


    Texans pay $154, while Californians pay $123, according to a recent analysis by financial site WalletHub.

    Varying Tax Rates Between Counties

    The state does not set local tax rates and does not maintain local tax records of each property. This means the state government cant regulate taxation, so tax rates vary between counties.

    Property tax rates in Texas are determined in accordance with taxing unit budgets. School districts rely on local property taxes. Depending on where your property is located, you could be subject to taxes from other entities, such as cities, hospitals, and junior colleges. If you want to control property taxes, then you must control the budget. Every taxing entity controls its own right to vote and increase budgets and the associated tax rate.

    For example, two similar properties in Dallas County could pay different amounts in taxes depending on where they are located, what school district they are in, etc.

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    Reason Number One Texas Is Highly Dependent On Revenue From Property Taxes

    Despite having the 6th highest property taxes in the nation, the state of Texas has an average tax burden for its citizens. Sales taxes for the state are comparatively low at 6.25% , and Texas is one of nine states that does not have personal income tax.

    However, as taxation is a vital source of revenue for local government, the burden falls squarely on property taxation to compensate for the lack of other revenue. This money is utilized to fund essential resources and public services for Texas citizens, including public schools, libraries, emergency services, road maintenance, and community safety measures.

    If property tax reform occurred, this would likely result in redistributing the tax burden by implementing state income tax or introducing higher sales tax rates to make up this shortfall. This is unlikely to occur even though it would mean tax relief on our annual property tax, as many of us enjoy the fact that theres no income tax.

    Where Do Property Taxes Go

    Why do property taxes vary so much in Houston?

    Property taxes are levied by local taxing units. The money generated from them is how local governments pay for public goods and services that we use every day. In this state, property taxes provide more tax dollars for these local services than any other source. The money goes to pay for city streets, public schools, libraries, county roads, fire protection, and more.

    As we mentioned, your tax dollars will be split up among several entities. Council gave a specific example, Lets say your home is located in Leander. Your particular property is located in the portion of Leander covered by Travis County, so your property taxes will go to several entities: the city of Leander, Leander ISD, Travis County, Travis County Healthcare District, and Austin Community College. Depending on your neighborhood, you may also pay additional MUD taxes as well.

    Your tax dollars go to funding each of these entities’ yearly budgets.

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    In Texas We Dont Have Gambling

    Almost everyone knows that in Nevada there is no state income tax. So you are probably thinking, well, why are my commercial property taxes higher here than they would be in Nevada? Simple, we dont have gambling here in Texas. Gambling creates a great deal of cash flow for government services in Nevada, so they dont need to lean so much on property taxes.

    What Is The Iowa Income Tax Rate

    Once current reforms have phased in, Iowa will be able to boast a 3.9 percent single-rate individual income tax, a 5.5 percent flat corporate income tax, and no inheritance tax or alternative minimum taxes. Improvements have been made to the state sales tax base and several tax credits have been reformed.

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    Property Tax Penalties Are Increasing Heres How Property Tax Lenders Can Help

    Failing to pay your property taxes on time means facing stiff property tax penalties because the local government is so reliant on this revenue source. Currently, these penalties can amount to around 43% of your current tax bill, making it even more challenging for people who are unable to pay on time.

    This is a difficult situation to find yourself in, and the last thing you want is to be paying even more on your bill – fortunately, there is a solution to your property tax burden. Property tax lenders can offer you expert advice and services to deliver fast, effective tax relief. At American Finance & Investment Company, Inc, our compassionate and qualified team will settle your property bill quickly. We can help with an affordable property tax loan and a customized repayment plan to help you get back on your feet.

    To contact qualified property tax lenders for a property tax loan in Texas, please visit our website today at

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