Federal Small Business Tax Rate


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How Much Do Small Businesses Pay In Taxes

New Federal Tax Law to Benefit Small Businesses

When you think of small business taxes, you might think theres one set of small business tax rates. In reality, there are several different rates to cover.

Lets start with the federal small business income tax rate. While theres a fixed rate for corporations, most small business owners fall into other business entity structures and dont adhere to a fixed tax rate.

Be Smart About Your Small Business Taxes

Small business taxes don’t have to take up a huge amount of time, but it’s important for you to take them seriously. With tax authorities ready to come after you if you neglect paying what you owe, getting a handle on your taxes is important in order to keep yourself as focused as possible on growing your small business.

How Much Can A Small Business Make Before Paying Taxes

All businesses must submit an annual income tax return, according to the IRS. The exception is partnerships, which have to submit an information return instead. And if you have employees, employment taxes are mandatory.

Business owners who earn less than $400 can skip paying the self-employment tax. But thats the only tax you can avoid.

Thankfully, the IRS probably wont be interested in auditing your small business until you turn a profit. But its important to still file your taxes even if youre sustaining losses in order to take advantage of deductions and avoid legal issues down the line.

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Line 616 Manufacturing And Processing Profits Deduction

Corporations that derive at least 10% of their gross revenue for the year from manufacturing or processing goods in Canada for sale or lease can claim the manufacturing and processing profits deduction . The MPPD reduces Part I tax otherwise payable.

The MPPD applies to the part of taxable income that represents Canadian manufacturing and processing profits. Calculate the MPPD at the rate of 13% on income that is not eligible for the small business deduction .

A temporary measure to reduce the corporate tax rates for manufacturers of qualifying zero-emission technology has been proposed for tax years starting after 2021.

Income that would otherwise be subject to the 15% general corporate rate would now be taxed at a 7.5% rate . Income that would otherwise be taxed at the 9% small-business rate would be reduced to 4.5% . The reduced rates would be gradually phased out starting in tax years that begin in 2029 and fully phased-out for tax years that begin after 2031 as follows:

Reduced tax rates for zero-emission technology

Tax year start

Use Schedule 27, Calculation of Canadian Manufacturing and Processing Profits Deduction, to calculate the manufacturing and processing profits deduction.

There are two ways to calculate Canadian manufacturing and processing profits: a simplified method for small manufacturing corporations, and a basic labour and capital employed in qualified activities formula for other corporations. These methods are outlined in parts 1 and 2 of Schedule 27.

Line 640 Federal Logging Tax Credit


Corporations that have income from logging operations and have paid logging tax to the province of Quebec or British Columbia can claim this credit.

Complete Part 5 of Schedule 21, Federal and Provincial or Territorial Foreign Income Tax Credits and Federal Logging Tax Credit, to calculate this credit. On line 640, enter the credit you calculated on line 580 of Schedule 21 or a lesser amount.

References Regulation 700

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Where An Accountant Can Help

Managing your small business taxes can be stressful but you dont have to go at it alone. Theres a host of resources available for small business owners.

For starters, check in with your accountant at least two or three times a year. Theyll keep you updated on changes to the federal small business tax rate and can even help you find extra tax benefits throughout the year.

Its also worthwhile to work with a lender. Theres a ton of speculation about tax increases for small business owners in 2021. If youre worried about meeting your 2021 tax obligations, the last thing you want to do is sacrifice your business growth.

Instead, a small business loan or business line of credit can provide enough working capital to help you stay on top of all of your expenses.

National is a top business financing marketplace with over 75 different lenders. We can help you get the financing you need to grow your business and improve cash flow. Our specialists work with you to discuss personalized solutions based on your credit score and business needs.

Learn how extra financing can make small business taxes easier to manage! Get in touch with our Business Financing Specialists here.

How Can A Small Business Reduce Taxable Income

Small businesses can reduce taxable income by taking advantage of tax deductions. Businesses can deduct ordinary and necessary costs of running the business, such as advertising, salaries and wages, interest expense and insurance. You can find more information on deductible business expenses in IRS Publication 535.

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Personal Income Tax Rates

The rates are based on the following income tax brackets:

Tax rate
$314,928.01 and up

The dividend tax credit rate for dividends paid out of income taxed at the general corporate income tax rate was adjusted on January 1, 2021, corresponding with the acceleration of the general corporate income tax rate reduction .

Line 636 Federal Foreign Business Income Tax Credit

Biden’s tax plans could affect small businesses

Use Schedule 21, Federal and Provincial or Territorial Foreign Income Tax Credits and Federal Logging Tax Credit, to calculate this credit.

To prevent double taxation, a corporation that pays foreign tax on income or profits it earned from operating a business in a foreign country can claim a federal foreign business income tax credit. This credit reduces the Part I tax that the corporation would otherwise have to pay.

Unlike foreign non-business income tax, you cannot deduct excess foreign business income tax paid as a provincial or territorial foreign tax credit. However, under section 110.5, you can increase taxable income so as to claim an otherwise non-deductible foreign business income tax credit. See Line 355 for details.

To claim this credit, complete Part 2 of Schedule 21. Calculate the foreign business income tax credit for each country separately. Use more than one schedule if more space is required.

Add all allowable foreign business income tax credits in column J on Schedule 21. Then, enter the total allowable credits or a lesser amount on line 636.


Foreign business income tax does not include any foreign tax paid on income that is exempt from tax in Canada under an income tax treaty.

When calculating income for the year from sources in a foreign country, deduct the maximum amount of foreign exploration and development expense that is deductible on a country-by-country basis.


Continuity of unused federal foreign business income tax credits


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Small Business Tax Rate

For small business owners in the province, a reduced rate of 3% will be used to determine your corporate income tax payable instead of the general corporate income tax rate of 15%.

The reduced rate of 3% applies to the first $500,000 of active business income earned in the province and that qualifies for the federal small business deduction.

In order to qualify for the small business deduction, the taxpayer must be a Canadian controlled private corporation throughout the tax year and maintain a permanent establishment in the province. In addition, the small business must carry on an active business in the province.

The Small Business Tax Rate is imposed under Section 40.1 of the Income Tax Act, 2000.

Canada Small Business Tax Rate

In Canadas federal tax system, the small business tax rate is the tax rate paid by a small business. As of 2019, the small business tax rate is 9% The general corporate tax rate is 28%. Additionally, each province or territory operates its own corporate tax system, with varying treatment for small businesses.

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Line 641 Eligible Canadian Bank Deduction Under Section 12521

A Canadian parent bank can claim a deduction for certain amounts of non resident withholding tax paid for interest arising from amounts that the parent bank owes to its non resident affiliate.

The deduction must be net of any of this non resident withholding tax amount that is available to the eligible bank affiliate, or any other person or partnership, as a credit, reduction, or deduction against an amount payable to the government of a country other than Canada, or a political subdivision of that country, under its laws and tax treaties, and any other agreements entered into by it.

References Section 125.21

General Tax Reduction For Canadian

Business Tax Rates in Canada Explained

If you are a CCPC throughout the tax year, complete this area of page 5 to calculate the reduction. Enter the resulting amount on line 638 on page 8.


If you are a corporation that is, throughout the year, a cooperative corporation ) or a credit union, enter zero at amount F.

Reference Subsection 123.4

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What Qualifies As A Small Business

To qualify for the small business tax rate, your business needs to fall within a few select parameters:

  • Earning less than $50,000 in income from passive investments.
  • Earning less than $500,000 of active business income throughout the year.
  • Your taxable capital is less than $10 million.

If your business is growing and your taxable capital is between $10 and $15 million, then theres still a chance that you could benefit from the small business tax rate for a portion of your income, while the remainder is taxed at the general business amount.

What Is Corporate Tax Rate In Canada

The corporate tax rate differs depending on a corporations revenue, operating location, services, and income sources. However, the corporate tax rate applies in these different forms to all corporations and small businesses operating in Canada. The only entities that are exempt from this obligation in Canada are tax-exempt Crown corporations, Hutterite colonies, and registered charities.

There are two levels of federal corporate tax rates in Canada, also known as the dual tax rate.

The federal small business tax rate, also known as the lower tax rate or Canadian-controlled private corporation rate, is 9%. You must satisfy certain requirements to receive this corporate tax rate.

The General Corporate Federal Tax rate, also known as the higher tax rate, is 38%, with a 10% federal tax abatement and a 13% general tax reduction, leaving a total of 15% net tax for general corporations.

In addition to the applicable federal corporate tax rate, a corporation must also pay the provincial corporate tax rate which differs from province to province. There are also specific corporate tax rates for investment income, capital gains, and dividends.

Lets narrow it down and look at these corporate tax rates one by one to give you a better understanding of how they affect your corporation.

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Alberta & Federal Combined Corporate Tax Rates

2019 Alberta & Federal Combined Rates 2018 Alberta & Federal Combined Rates
Type of tax
33.00% 45.00%
The small business tax rate applies on the first $500,000 of taxable income for corporations that meet certain criteria.

If a small business corporation earns more than $50,000 in annual income from passive investments, it will start to lose access to the Small Business Deduction . For every dollar of investment income above $50,000, the SBD will be reduced by $5, and will totally disappear if the business has $150,000 or more in annual passive investment income. This means that the business would pay the regular federal corporate tax rate of 15% on its active business income.

What Is The Small Business Federal Tax Rate

How Do Small Businesses Pay Taxes?

The amount of taxes small businesses have to pay to the federal government depends on several factors. Your level of income plays a key role, but the choice you make about how to set up your business can also make a big difference in the size of the check you have to write to the IRS.

Below, we’ll look at some of the tax rates that apply to small businesses.

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Banks And Life Insurers

The 2022 federal budget proposes that banks and life insurers and their related financial institutions, are subject to:

  • for the 2022 taxation year, a one-time 15% tax, based on the corporations taxable income for taxation years ending in 2021. A CAD 1 billion taxable income exemption is available to be shared among group members. The tax liability is imposed in the 2022 taxation year, but is payable in equal amounts over five years .
  • for for taxation years ending after 7 April 2022 , an additional 1.5% income tax. A CAD 100 million taxable income exemption is available to be shared among group members.

Table 1 Federal Corporate Income Tax Rates Selected Years 19602020

9.0 0

Source: Table prepared by Nathalie Pothier, Library of Parliament using data obtained fromIncome Tax Act, R.S.C. 1985, c. 1, various years, 21 January 2020.

After 1973, corporate profits from manufacturing and processing activities were eligible for a tax rate reduction. In 2004, the general rate reduction became the same percentage as the rate reduction for manufacturing and processing activities. As a result, the preferential tax treatment for profits from these activities was eliminated. As well, since October 2000, sectors not already entitled to other rate reductions have been eligible for the general rate reduction for qualifying income this reduction is currently 13.0%.

Depending on the amount of taxable capital employed in Canada, small Canadian-controlled private corporations are taxed at a corporate income tax rate that is lower than that for other corporations. The small business deduction depends on both the CCPCs income and its small business limit. The following rates are applied:

  • CCPCs with taxable capital below $10 million a tax rate of 9.0% is applied on the first $500,000 of taxable income, which is the small business limit.
  • CCPCs with taxable capital between $10 million and $15 million the small business limit of $500,000 in taxable income is reduced at the rate of $1 per $10 of capital exceeding $10 million.

CCPCs with taxable income exceeding $15 million do not qualify for the small business deduction.

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Get Help Managing Your Corporate Taxes

Managing your corporate tax rate, filing, planning, and paying can seem difficult to navigate. Your specific company tax rate depends on a number of factors, including its revenue, where it operates, its sources of revenue, its dividends paid, its shareholder structure, and more. No two companies have the same corporate tax structure.

At Accountor CPA, we are dedicated to alleviating the stress that comes with predicting your corporate tax rate. We work with corporations of all sizes across Canada and even those based abroad with operations in Canada to navigate these complex regulations successfully.

To make the most of your corporate revenue, you should always work with qualified and experienced tax accounting professionals. Learn how we can help you make smart financial decisions and plan your payable tax thoroughly.

Contact us for a free consultation today.

Your insight would be much appreciated

Budget Gives Businesses Greater Access To Small Business Rate

Business Tax Rates in Canada Explained

But with no adjustment to the passive income rules, some companies will remain shut out

A tax break for businesses in Budget 2022 may prove impractical for some, given the tax on passive investment income.

The feds have proposed increasing the level of taxable capital at which a business can still access the small business tax rate .

Currently, access to the small business rate is proportionally reduced when a business has taxable capital of between $10 million and $15 million. Access to the small business rate ends completely at taxable capital of $15 million or more.

The budget proposed to phase out access more gradually, with access fully phased out when taxable capital reaches $50 million.

The measure would apply to taxation years that begin on or after budget day, and the government estimated businesses would save about $660 million in taxes between 2022 and 2027 to reinvest and create jobs.

Capital-intensive businesses often arent eligible for the small business rate, noted Keith MacIntyre, a partner with Grant Thornton LLP in Halifax. With this proposal, the federal government is giving an alleviation to these businesses, such as a car dealership or real estate company, he said.

However, for such companies, what the real negative thing here is , you should have cash reserves in order to save for future expansion, MacIntyre said.

Another passive incomerelated item in the budget is a crackdown on using foreign corporations to avoid paying tax on passive income.

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Canada Corporate Tax Rate History

The corporate tax rate in Canada is subject to change each year depending on federal and provincial legislation. While this change may be by as low as 0.5%, sometimes it can shift by upwards of 2% year on year. The business limit of $500 000 has been standard in Canada for over a decade, but Manitoba and Saskatchewan are two examples of provinces that have recently made adjustments to it.

Within the last decade, 2008 saw the highest corporate tax rate for both general corporations and CCPCs. On the other hand, the lowest corporate tax rates federally for general corporations and CCPCs are the 2021 rates, which have been in place since 2019.

Knowing the historical corporate tax rate in Canada is one part of ensuring comprehensive and analytical tax planning for your corporations future.

Alberta Indian Tax Exemption

The Government of Alberta recognizes that many First Nations people and communities in the province prefer not to describe themselves as Indians/Indian bands. These terms have been used where necessary to reflect their legal meaning in the federal Indian Act.

Eligible consumers are exempt from payment of Alberta taxes on fuel and tobacco purchased as personal property on reserve in Alberta. The exemption can only be provided to eligible Indian consumers by retailers registered with Alberta Tax and Revenue Administration.

As of October 4, 2021, the only accepted proof of eligibility for tax-exempt purchases made on reserve in Alberta will be the federal Certificate of Indian Status card or Temporary Confirmation of Registration document. Any version of the status card will be accepted, including expired cards. AITE retailers will no longer accept the AITE card as of October 4, 2021.

See more information from Alberta Tax and Revenue Administration:

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